DTP vs. DTaP Vaccine
My daughter recently turned 5 and we took her for her booster dose. Do not miss the Vaccination Chart approved by IAP. My daughter had previously taken DTaP shots and there were no side effects, so I was very happy with the vaccine.
I had been hearing about how those were not available anymore and I thought my daughter will be given DTP vaccine this time. I had heard of many incidents where children had DTP vaccine and had side effects like fever and leg pain for couple of days, so I was a bit worried. However, I had also heard how DTP is supposed to be more effective and stuff.
I was pleasantly surprised, when her doctor told us that the pentaxim vaccine was not available in market for past 18 months and has come back in market recently. He assured us that DTaP was as effective as DTP vaccine.
No prizes for guessing that we opted for Pentaxim. Thankfully, A did not have any reactions this time too.
This prompted me to revive this article which is one of the most popular on ShishuWorld.
DTP or DTaP vaccines both stand for 3 diseases – Diptheria, Pertussis (Whooping Cough) and Tetanus. DTP and DTaP differ in pertussis vaccine.
DTP has cellular pertussis vaccine while DTaP contains acellular pertussis vaccine.
DTP has been in use many years, but is also infamous for its side-effects. A lot of kids suffer from high fever, soreness in injection-site and irritability.
The reason pertussis vaccine was associated with fever and irritability was because it was composed of dead version of the bacteria that causes pertussis. The vaccine contained all the parts of the dead bacteria and thus was called the “whole-cell” vaccine. However, researchers soon realized that perhaps a better vaccine would be one that included those parts of the bacteria which allow for the body to become immune but leave out other parts that cause the fever and irritability. This resulted in the development of acellular vaccine. The word acellular describes the fact that this vaccine does not contain the “whole” bacteria cell but rather only the parts of the cell that allow for the body to develop immunity against the disease. So, the name DTP was modified for this acellular vaccine and called the DTaP. The “a” stands for acellular.
DTP vaccine is also called as Easy-five , while DTaP is called as Pentaxim. Let us see how the two differ :
When you go to the health center to get your baby vaccinated, you will be given an option choose between Easy-five or Pentaxim vaccine. Easy-five and pentaxim both give protection against 5 diseases.
Vaccine name is Easy-five
Vaccine name is Pentaxim
DTP stands for Diptheria, Tetanus and Pertusis
DTaP stands for Diptheria, Tetanus and acellular Pertusis
Easy-five covers Diptheria, tetanus, pertussis ( cellular component), haemophilus Influenza type b and Hepatitis B.
Pentaxim covers Diptheria, Whooping cough , Tetanus, Haemophilus influenzae type b and IPV (injectable polio vaccine).
Protection offered is similar, but DTP has side-effects like fever and irritability
DTaP does not have these side-effects.
DTP is less expensive
DTaP is more expensive.
It is upto you to decide which vaccine to administer depending on all these factors. If you go for Easy-five, baby should be given oral polio vaccine, while in case of pentaxim hepatitis-B vaccine must be administered separately.