Immunization Precautions/Side-effects and Chart

 

When a person fights an infection, the immune system remembers and is equipped to fight infections in future .

Immunization is introduction of a small amount of viruses/bacteria in the human body to stimulate the immune system to make antibodies against them.

 

Vaccines are generally safe. The benefits of vaccination far outweigh the risks associated with immunization. However, you should follow some precautions when taking your baby for vaccination. Some of the vaccines may have some harmless side-effects. Your doctor will usually advise you how to comfort your baby.

 

 

Precautions to be taken during Immunization

Immunizations are usually safe. The benefits of vaccines far outweigh any risk associated with them. However, it is good to take certain precautions while getting your baby vaccinated.

 

1) Always get the baby immunized in a reputed private/government hospital. The hospital should have all the facilities to store vaccines safely.

2) Prior to immunization inform your doctor if the child has had any significant reactions to the last dose.


3) Insist on checking the expiry date of the vaccine being given to your baby. Expired vaccine can cause serious problems for baby.


4) Always consult your baby's paediatrician before vaccination. Doctor will check your baby for any illnesses before clearing for vaccination.


5) Vaccines can be given in the presence of minor illness. Always inform your doctor if your baby has any health issue like cold, fever etc.


6) Prior to DPT immunization, inform the doctor if the child had developed any convulsions or fits in the past.

 


Side-effects of Immunizations


Vaccination is usually safe and most babies do not have any major problems as a result of immunization. However, some babies may develop certain side-effects to certain vaccines.

 

  • Baby may have low-grade fever after some vaccinations. Doctor may recommend you to give Crocin drops to relieve the symptoms.

 

  • BCG - A lump appears 3-4 weeks after B.C.G. It may soften and discharge for up to 2 weeks. No application or medication is required. a small scar remains at the site. If a swelling appears and does not subside, contact your doctor.

 

  • D.P.T. (Triple)- There may be mild fever, pain, redness and swelling at the site of injection. A small, painless lump may remain for a few weeks. For fever and pain, paracetamol drops/ syrup may be given. The dose can be repeated every 4-6 hours if necessary. If fever is over 102 F  and baby suffers from persistent crying or screaming, you must consult your doctor.

 

  • MEASLES / MMR - A few babies may get fever 4-10 days after the vaccination. There may be associated cough, cold and mild rash. Paracetamol drops / syrup may be given if required.

 

  • HIB / Typhoid vaccine - Mild pain or fever may occur. Paracetamol syrup may be given as recommended.

 

  • Baby may be cranky due to fever and discomfort. Make sure to shower baby with lot of attention and comfort her.

 

  • If your feel baby is suffering too much, don't hesitate to check with baby's doctor.

 

  • Always go with your gut instinct. You know your baby best and your instinct is more important than any recommendation given in books or by others.


 

Immunization Chart By Indian Academy of Paediatrics



  To download this chart click here

Name of the Vaccine  

Age Recommended

Date Vaccine Given

Batch No.

BCG

Birth

 

 

Hepatitis B1

Birth

 

 

OPV 1

Birth

 

 

 

OPV 2 / IPV

6 Weeks

 

 

DPT 1/DTaP 1

6 Weeks

 

 

Hepatitis B2

6 Weeks

 

 

HIB 1

6 Weeks

 

 

 

DPT 2/DTaP 2

10 Weeks

 

 

OPV 3 / IPV

10 Weeks

 

 

HIB 2

10 Weeks

 

 

 

OPV 4 / IPV

14 Weeks

 

 

DPT 3/DTaP 3

14 Weeks

 

 

Hepatitis B3

14 Weeks/6 Months

 

 

HIB 3

14 Weeks

 

 

 

Measles

9 Months

 

 

 

MMR

15 Months

 

 

 

DPT / DTaP Booster 1

18 Months

 

 

HIB Booster

18 Months

 

 

OPV Booster / IPV

18 Months

 

 

 

Typhoid

2 years

 

 

 

DPT / DTaP Booster

5 Years

 

 

OPV Booster / IPV

5 Years

 

 

MMR 2nd Dose

4-5 Years

 

 

Typhoid 2

5 Years

 

 

 

Typhoid 3

8 Years

 

 

 

Tdap Booster

10 Years

 

 

 

Typhoid 4

11 Years

 

 

 

Typhoid 5

14 Years

 

 

 

Tdap Booster

16 Years

 

 

Vaccines to be discussed with your Doctor

Chicken Pox

>15 Months

 

 

Hepatitis ‘A’ 1

18 Months

 

 

Hepatitis ‘A’ 2

6 Months later

 

 

IPV 1

>2 Months

 

 

IPV 2

 

 

 

IPV Booster

 

 

 

Pneumococcal 1

>6 Weeks

 

 

Pneumococcal 2

 

 

 

Pneumococcal 3

 

 

 

Pneumococcal Booster

 

 

 

Others

 

 

 

Influenza 1

>6 Months

 

 

Influenza 2

 

 

 

Rotarix 1

>2 Months

 

 

Rotarix 2

1 Month Later

 

 

 

IPV – Injectable Polio Vaccine

HiB – Haem.Influenza ‘B’ Vaccine

MMR – Measles Mumps Rubella

DPT – Diptheria/ Pertusis / Tetanus

DTaP – Diptheria / Tetanus/ Acellular Pertusis

OPV –Oral Polio Vaccine

 To download this chart click here

 

 

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